Terroirs and Vines / Grape varietals in Champagne
The Champagne terroir is the nothernmost winegrowing region in France : it requires grape varieties resisting to the cold of the winter but adapted to the hot summer season. The Pinot Noir, the Chardonnay and the Pinot Meunier draw their strenght in the chalk, the clay and the limestone in the Champagne subsoil.
Le Pinot Noir
Pinot Noir is the main grape variety of the Reims Mountain area. It thrives on cold limestone soils. Wines made from Pinot Noir have red fruit aromas and a pronounced texture. This variety brings body and powerfull to the blend.
Le Pinot Meunier
Pinot Meunier is a strong variety that is better adapted to rough weather. It thrives on clay soils, such as in the Marne Valley. Wines made from Pinot Meunier are flexible and fruity. They age quicker and make the blend feel « rounder » than other wines.
It was given the name of « meunier » (miller in English) because of the whitish colours of the inside of its leaves, which is reminiscent of the whiteness of flour.
Chardonnay thrives on clay-limestone gravel. This type of soil is less common in the Marne Valley. It brings refinement and lightness to the beautiful texture of white wines made of black grapes. Chardonnay wines have delicate, floral, citrus-based aromas, and they sometimes even have mineral hints.